Who must request, and who must carry out the twenty-year inspection on construction cranes and general lifting equipment?

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In the Italian Ministerial Decree of the 11th April 2011, in Attachment II (Methods for carrying out periodic inspections) clause 2 letter c) (Definitions), a “supplementary survey” is defined as an operation with the aim of identifying possible faults, defects or anomalies that have come about through the use of work equipment in service for more than 20 years, as well as establishing the “remaining life” for which the machine will still be able to operate in safe conditions with related possible new nominal capacity.
This operation, usually already required by producers with a ten-year deadline for CE marked machines (introduced onto the market after 21/09/1996), therefore defines a very precise time limit for the inspections that need to be made on the most worn-out pieces of equipment. This obligation is, however, already shown in clause 8 letter b) of Art. 71 of Italian Leg. Decree 81/08.
Supplementary surveys on lifting equipment in use for more than 20 years must be carried out by an expert engineer, while the verification of their fulfilment is the responsibility of ASL (Local Health Authority) or other qualified entities in charge of the territory for the purposes of periodic inspections.

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